GST Composition Scheme

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) has brought about a paradigm shift in India’s indirect tax structure, simplifying compliance for businesses across the country. One of the key provisions within GST that offers significant relief to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is the Composition Scheme. In this article, we’ll delve into the Composition Scheme, explore its benefits, and provide real-world examples to illustrate its advantages.

Understanding the GST Composition Scheme

The GST Composition Scheme is a simplified tax compliance scheme designed primarily for small businesses with an annual turnover below a specified threshold. Under this scheme, eligible businesses pay GST at a fixed rate on their turnover, thereby reducing the complexities associated with regular GST compliance.

Benefits of the Composition Scheme:

  1. Reduced Compliance Burden: One of the primary advantages of the Composition Scheme is the significant reduction in compliance requirements. Businesses opting for this scheme are not required to maintain detailed records or file regular GST returns.
  2. Fixed Tax Liability: The Composition Scheme offers certainty in taxation by imposing a fixed tax rate on the business’s turnover. This simplifies financial planning and eliminates the need for complex calculations.
  3. Input Tax Credit (ITC): While businesses under the Composition Scheme cannot claim ITC on their purchases, this is compensated by lower tax rates. They don’t have to worry about tracking and claiming ITC.
  4. Ease of Filing: Composition Scheme taxpayers have to file quarterly returns instead of monthly returns. This reduces the frequency of compliance activities.

Examples of the Composition Scheme:

Let’s explore a couple of examples to understand how the Composition Scheme works in practice:

Example 1: A Small Restaurant

Consider a small restaurant with an annual turnover of ₹30 lakhs. Under the Composition Scheme, they can opt to pay GST at a fixed rate of, let’s say, 5% of their turnover. Here’s how it works:

  • Annual Turnover: ₹30,00,000
  • GST Rate: 5%

GST Payable:

GST = (Annual Turnover × GST Rate) = (₹30,00,000 × 5%) = ₹1,50,000

So, the restaurant owner pays ₹1,50,000 as GST for the year, and they do not have to deal with the complexities of regular GST compliance.

Example 2: A Small Manufacturer

Now, let’s consider a small manufacturing unit with an annual turnover of ₹75 lakhs. Under the Composition Scheme, they can opt to pay GST at a fixed rate of, let’s say, 2.5% of their turnover. Here’s the calculation:

  • Annual Turnover: ₹75,00,000
  • GST Rate: 2.5%

GST Payable:

GST = (Annual Turnover × GST Rate) = (₹75,00,000 × 2.5%) = ₹1,87,500

In this case, the manufacturer pays ₹1,87,500 as GST for the year, benefiting from reduced compliance and a fixed tax liability.


The GST Composition Scheme offers a simplified and beneficial tax compliance option for small businesses. By opting for this scheme, businesses can reduce their compliance burden, enjoy a fixed tax liability, and focus on their core operations. However, it’s essential to carefully assess eligibility criteria and the specific rates applicable in your state before choosing this scheme.

Please note that the examples provided here are for illustrative purposes, and actual tax rates and eligibility criteria may vary. Consult with a tax professional or GST expert to determine the suitability of the Composition Scheme for your business based on the latest regulations and your specific circumstances.

The Composition Scheme is a valuable tool that can help small businesses thrive in the GST era, allowing them to focus on growth and profitability without being burdened by complex tax compliance.


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